# Thread: Which system is correctly charged?

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Originally Posted by stat

Sight glass needs to be clear under all conditions,

If the receiver will not hold the charge it is to small.

Receiver also needs to hold any required winter charge thru warm months.

If it can't, it is to small.

Sight glass needs to be clear under all conditions
Not disagreeing with that.

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if I charged them they would both be right it wouldnt matter the ambient temperature I charged them in ...... thats why it is a pointless question .....

#yeahimthatgood
Last edited by hvacskills; 08-06-2018 at 11:25 AM.

3. But wouldn't a higher head pressure force more of the refrigerant into a liquid state?

PHM
-----------

Originally Posted by leslie cook
Since the sight glass is full at 70 degrees and not 95 degrees could the condenser be dirty. It is condensing the gas at 70 degrees because of the cooler ambient but isn't at the higher temperature because of the condition of the condenser coil.

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Originally Posted by hvacskills
if I charged them they would both be right it wouldnt matter the ambient temperature I charged them in ...... thats why it is a pointless question .....

#yeahimthatgood

???

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Originally Posted by stat
???
could Rembrandt describe how he paints a picture ? I am sure there is a complicated mathematical formula that only ICE knows .. to me it is an art .... I charge a TXV system differently each time depending on the current ambient temperature and load, and the expected ambient temperature and load .... I also take into consideration the superheat I am running and the box temperature I am trying to hold, and a " hot box ", but how often do you have a " hot box " anyhow ? ... so long as I have enough refrigerant to drop the box temperature could care less if there are some bubbles in the sight glass when I have a " hot box ", its a judgement call, sometimes I add more, sometimes I add less .... I would rather go lighter on the charge in anticipation of high ambient temperature or a dirty condensor coil ...

not to mention, I run 417c for medium temperature, you are not even supposed to clear the glass ....

7. Originally Posted by hvacskills
could Rembrandt describe how he paints a picture ? I am sure there is a complicated mathematical formula that only ICE knows .. to me it is an art .... I charge a TXV system differently each time depending on the current ambient temperature and load, and the expected ambient temperature and load .... I also take into consideration the superheat I am running and the box temperature I am trying to hold, and a " hot box ", but how often do you have a " hot box " anyhow ? ... so long as I have enough refrigerant to drop the box temperature could care less if there are some bubbles in the sight glass when I have a " hot box ", its a judgement call, sometimes I add more, sometimes I add less .... I would rather go lighter on the charge in anticipation of high ambient temperature or a dirty condensor coil ...

not to mention, I run 417c for medium temperature, you are not even supposed to clear the glass ....
W O W

We have a Rembrandt amongst us!

I am truly honored!

Personally you seem more like a Jackson Pollock but....

8. .

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Originally Posted by smithryan2101
general rule of thumb with a receiver that is charged to a 3/4 sight glass wait till temperature in the Box gets down and then Clear Sight glass doesn't matter what ambient. Then check for proper txv superheat and walk away.

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m

This method will not work on a system with a headmaster, unless ambient is as low as it gets.

10. You guys gotta get back to the original thought experiment.

Go back and read the OP.

If she's hot under the sheets when it's cold, is she cold under the sheets when it's hot. Oh. Wait a minute. Wrong thread.

11. If the Guru says she's normal than gotdangit she's normal

12. I've had a couple of normal chicks.

Less than half may have considered me less than normal. The other half . . . . Wait. Where am I going with this?

As per the OP, I don't need to tell you anything that I consider normal. Jeez, there's not an Emoji suited for your attitude.

Wish there was one.

Originally Posted by 2sac
If the Guru says she's normal than gotdangit she's normal

13. Originally Posted by BBeerme
I've had a couple of normal chicks.

Less than half may have considered me less than normal. The other half . . . . Wait. Where am I going with this?

As per the OP, I don't need to tell you anything that I consider normal. Jeez, there's not an Emoji suited for your attitude.

Wish there was one.
Normal chicks are like normal pressures.......

No Such Thing!

14. Originally Posted by pecmsg
Normal chicks are like normal pressures.......

No Such Thing!
Post of the year

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Originally Posted by Red Man
m

This method will not work on a system with a headmaster, unless ambient is as low as it gets.
Touche I'm in Atlanta don't have many head masters most all is fan cycling

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16. Originally Posted by smithryan2101
Touche I'm in Atlanta don't have many head masters most all is fan cycling
Since systems are made for the whole country there are indeed many headmasters in Atlanta. They come standard on most Heatcraft and Trenton outdoor units, and on most outdoor ice machine condensers just for starters.

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Originally Posted by stat

Sight glass needs to be clear under all conditions,

If the receiver will not hold the charge it is to small.

Receiver also needs to hold any required winter charge thru warm months.

If it can't, it is to small.

Sight glass needs to be clear under all conditions

not trying to argue, but one could argue ....... depending on how the system is piped and where the sight glass is located that some of the " bubbles " in the sight glass could only be a degree or two away from condensing, maybe even just a half degree, and by the time they hit the TXV they would probably be condensed ..... so someone could be adding refrigerant when it is unnecessary to ....

only running around 5 - 10 degrees subcooling anyhow .....

you make a good point .... however I was taught that having " some " bubbles in the sight glass under a high load is normal ..... what is " some bubbles " ? ...... I guess if you are watching your gauges and your temperatures then you make a running calculation in your head as to whether or not there are " too many bubbles " in the sight glass to not be able to drop the box temperature as quickly as desired ..... as mentioned my concern is leaving a cushion for higher ambient or a possible dirty condensing coil ...

but TXVs with receivers are not " critically charged " systems anyhow ....
Last edited by hvacskills; 08-07-2018 at 10:11 AM.

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Originally Posted by stat

Sight glass needs to be clear under all conditions,

If the receiver will not hold the charge it is to small.

Receiver also needs to hold any required winter charge thru warm months.

If it can't, it is to small.

Sight glass needs to be clear under all conditions
might also be able to argue that a " hot box " does not require the same size capacity equipment to lower the box temperature into the 50s or 40s as it does to get it into the 30s ....

not discounting what you are saying because it makes a lot of sense ...
Last edited by hvacskills; 08-07-2018 at 10:57 AM.

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TXV systems with a receiver are not critically charged systems anyhow so this is probably just a big nothing burger ....

just get it " about right " .... sure most decent techs know how to do that ....

" systems 1 and 2 could both be " about right " "

20. Originally Posted by hvacskills
not trying to argue, but one could argue ....... depending on how the system is piped and where the sight glass is located that some of the " bubbles " in the sight glass could only be a degree or two away from condensing, maybe even just a half degree, and by the time they hit the TXV they would probably be condensed ..... so someone could be adding refrigerant when it is unnecessary to ....
This is wrong. No condensing happens after the sight glass, if anything, due to pressure drop, more bubbles will appear.

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