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02-06-2006, 10:53 AM #1Regular Guest
- Join Date
- Sep 2004
In another newsletter that I recieve, they suggest this method for removing oil from a compressor
The only compressors that I have seen with a drain plug are the NH3 units at work. How often do you see a drain and fill plug in a semi hermetic?
Removing Oil from a Semi-Hermetic Compressor
Occasionally a technician may need to temporarily add oil to a semi-hermetic reciprocating compressor to maintain an adequate oil level due to oil being trapped out in the evaporator or suction line. This additional oil should not be left in the system. The cause of the oil trapping should be identified and repaired in a timely fashion. If the additional oil returns to the compressor it could cause damage to it as a result of oil slugging or excessive oil pumping.
There are several methods of removing oil from a semi-hermetic reciprocating compressor. The easiest method is through an oil drain plug. If the compressor is equipped with an oil drain plug, all a technician must do is reduce the pressure in the crankcase by running the compressor and frontseating its suction service valve. Pump the system down to 1 to 2 psig and then shut down the compressor. Then once the compressor is off, frontseat its discharge service valve, which will now completely isolate the compressor from the system. Next, carefully loosen the oil drain plug and allow the oil to seep out of the compressor around the threads of the plug until enough oil has been removed. Do not totally remove the plug from the compressor—only allow the oil to seep around its threads.
If the compressor is not equipped with an oil drain plug, or if it is not convenient to use, oil can be removed from its oil fill plug. This can be done with the following procedure:
1. Attach a gage manifold to the access ports of the suction and discharge service valves.
2. Frontseat the suction service valve and run the compressor.
3. Continue running the compressor until the crankcase pressure has reached 0 psig.
4. Shut down the compressor.
5. Frontseat its discharge service valve.
6. Remove the oil fill plug from the compressor.
7. Insert a 1/4” O.D. copper tube with a shutoff valve into the oil fill plug opening. Position the 1/4” copper tube so that one end is near the bottom of the crankcase and the other end, which is external to the compressor, is positioned below the oil level of the compressor and into an approved container, as shown.
8. Place a rag around 1/4” O.D. copper tube where it exits the compressor.
9. Using dry nitrogen, pressurize the compressor crankcase through the suction service valve’s access port to about 5 psig.
10. The oil should drain from the compressor. If necessary, re-pressurize the crankcase with dry nitrogen.
11. Once a sufficient amount of oil has been removed, close the shutoff valve and remove the 1/4” O.D. copper tube.
12. Re-install the fill plug.
13. Evacuate the system to 500 microns.
14. Backseat both the suction and discharge service valves.
15. Restore power to the compressor and place it back in operation.
This method is more time-consuming but it will allow oil to be removed from a compressor. Before using this procedure make sure the compressor does not have an oil drain plug. Removing oil from a compressor using its oil drain plug is normally a much easier process
02-06-2006, 01:55 PM #2Professional Member
- Join Date
- Dec 2003
- Location!, Location!
02-06-2006, 02:13 PM #3
I'll take option 2. No mess, no drips or spills. Very rare that I can actually fit any kind of container under the oil plug.
02-06-2006, 05:07 PM #4
the biggest thing is the 115V CCH being shut off,most semi types have the heater ON in the OFF mode,and OFF in the running mode.if you drop the oil with the heater on the heater will cook,and when that first cold start comes around,the compressor will destory itself.i won't hump nitros and such and forget the pump down,just do the heater and use the exsisting pressure on the valved off compressor to push the oil out(not seen in sightglass)and pump it back in 3/4 up.if you need to add oil while it is running just be sure to purge the oil thru your hose at the oil service valve then tighten and open 100% and start pumping.taking oil samples/acid test with the unit running ...take an old refrig hose cut in half keeping the angled fitting end,bleed out foam into a soda PLASTIC or CARDBOARD coffee cup(no styrafoam?????)then put the cup up on the running head and let the heat and vibration work it down to clear oil.don't use the acid bottle(takes to long to fill)or oil sample bottles(have to write info on them)"when in doubt...jump it out" http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aMy-sAHwS4E
02-06-2006, 06:44 PM #5
Hook a hose to the access valve on the oil pump (with the comp running) and pump it into a bucket or jug. A little foamy sometimes but it works.A Diamond is just a piece of coal, that made good under pressure!