Low suction on Trane RTU
Working on an 7-10 year old Trane Voyager RTU thats about 5 tons i'm guessing, and experiencing low suction pressure. A different service tech where i work came to the conclusion that this unit had plugged orifices and I was sent to install a new orifice kit. When I got there, I did observe the orifices frosted up.
Here are some numbers before I performed the work...
ODA: 84 degrees
Head press: 230-240#
Suction: 38 - 42#
Superheat: 50 degrees
Subcooling: 22 degrees
RAT: 75 degrees, SAT: 60 degrees (15 TD)
LL temp: 88 degrees, Suction line temp: 68 degrees
No temp drop accross the drier and no temp drop up to the liquid header.
Changed out the orifices with the new orifice kit and weighed in charge...long story short... I'm getting the same numbers as above.
This compressor had been changed out about year ago because it was shorted to ground...and why was it shorted?? Dont know, didn't get that info.
I find this to be incredibly odd and not sure what to do next.
Has anyone else experienced anything like this? Oil logged in evep? This is screaming a restriction in the evap, could it be? Possibly an oversized replacement compressor?
perhaps there is crap floating around from the previous burn out and it plugged the new orifices right away, I would get rid of the orifices and replace them with a TXV
Before installing new orifices or a txv kit I would look at pressurizing the suction line with nitrogen and blowing out whatever might have been in the evap through the header connections, so that is a known value, and then the line between the dryer and header. That way, you have eliminated them as possibilities if more diag is needed later, and of course, to help eliminate the need for "more diag later."
Your numbers suggest a lack of refrigerant in the evap, and I think you are onto something when thinking that the new orifices are blocked. One thing you can due is power the unit down and remove the belt, so you can see where in the evap the frosting occurs, and whether or not it is "even."
Since you will be opening the system again, I think the TXV conversion kit is the way to go.
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I agree that txv,s are the way to go. However, I was told by Trane tech that these units run a lower than normal suction. Yours sounds a little lower than even they run, though.
disable the blower and see where the lines start to freeze first. That will be where your pressure drop will be. No temp drop over the liquid line drier does not prove a clear line drier. Make it a habit to install a liquid line tap after the line drier when you open up a system so you can check pressure drop and get an accurate subcool reading.
Did you replace the drier as well?
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Yes, I did replace the drier, and yes, I really wish I would've installed a tap just before the liquid header...will be time consuming to do now. Also, with 22 degrees subcooling measured at the LL header, there has to be a full column of liquid to the orifices...I realize crazy things can happen, but im convinced there's a full column.
Couple things I did forget to mention. The old orifices looked clean as a whistle, so I'm not convinced this is the problem anymore, and I don't believe retrofitting with a txv will remedy this particular problem.
Also, I did put an extra 3# of 22 in just to see what would happen which did improve the suction to 55#, but I was flirting with 300 #'s of HP.
The reason I did this is because I thought I remembered hearing from a Trane rep a few years ago that there were some models of Tranes that had incorrect charges on the nameplate, and that 2# extra needed to be added...has anyone else heard of this?
I did not get a superheat and subcooling reading after doing this becuase I got pulled off for an urgent service call so I shut the unit down for the weekend. But if my memory is correct, then I'm clinging to the possibility of a dirty condenser.
Pulling the belt and looking for the frost pattern is a good idea that I will try on Monday. We also have thermal imager that I might bring along too.
Originally Posted by Hook Echo
If you were running 22* of subcooling before you added the extra gas your overcharged..
Where did you take the high side pressure reading?
1. Discharge of compressor?
I would also check to see if it is moving enough air. The belt might be loose or some of the supply diffusers could be closed. Check the amp draw of the blower motor.
That high superheat says restriction..
Originally Posted by hands
I could see your view if the superheat was lower.
You're right, I missed that on his post. High SH and high SC, most likely a restriction.
Originally Posted by Pascone10
those units do run lower suction 60-65, not in the 40's.
agreed no airflow issue or SH would be short.
take bellt off as said and run, see where the restriction is
Block your condenser off and get you discharge pressure to 300 psi then recheck your readings.