YOM KIPPUR WAR BEGINS:
October 6, 1973
Hoping to win back territory lost to Israel during the third Arab-Israeli war, Egyptian and Syrian forces launch a coordinated attack against Israel on Yom Kippur, the holiest day in the Jewish calendar. Taking the Israeli Defense Forces by surprise, Egyptian troops swept deep into the Sinai Peninsula, while Syria struggled to throw occupying Israeli troops out of the Golan Heights.
Israel's stunning victory in the Six-Day War of 1967 left the Jewish nation in control of territory four times its previous size. Egypt lost the 23,500-square-mile Sinai Peninsula and the Gaza Strip, Jordan the West Bank and East Jerusalem, and Syria the strategic Golan Heights. When Anwar el-Sadat became president of Egypt in 1970, he found himself leader of an economically troubled nation that could ill afford to continue its endless crusade against Israel. He wanted to make peace and thereby achieve stability and recovery of the Sinai, but after Israel's 1967 victory it was unlikely that Israel's peace terms would be favorable to Egypt. So Sadat conceived of a daring plan to attack Israel again, which, even if unsuccessful, might convince the Israelis that peace with Egypt was necessary.
In 1972, Sadat expelled 20,000 Soviet advisers from Egypt and opened new diplomatic channels with Washington, which, as Israel's key ally, would be an essential mediator in any future peace talks. He formed a new alliance with Syria, and a concerted attack on Israel was planned.
When the fourth Arab-Israeli war began on October 6, 1973, many of Israel's soldiers were away from their posts observing Yom Kippur, and the Arab armies made impressive advances with their up-to-date Soviet weaponry. Iraqi forces soon joined the war, and Syria received support from Jordan. After several days, Israel was fully mobilized, and the Israel Defense Forces began beating back the Arab gains at a heavy cost to soldiers and equipment. A U.S. airlift of arms aided Israel's cause, but President Richard Nixon delayed the emergency military aid for seven days as a tacit signal of U.S. sympathy for Egypt. In late October, an Egyptian-Israeli cease-fire was secured by the United Nations.
Although Egypt had again suffered military defeat at the hands of its Jewish neighbor, the initial Egyptian successes greatly enhanced Sadat's prestige in the Middle East and provided him with an opportunity to seek peace. In 1974, the first of two Egyptian-Israeli disengagement agreements providing for the return of portions of the Sinai to Egypt were signed, and in 1979 Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin signed the first peace agreement between Israel and one of its Arab neighbors. In 1982, Israel fulfilled the 1979 peace treaty by returning the last segment of the Sinai Peninsula to Egypt.
For Syria, the Yom Kippur War was a disaster. The unexpected Egyptian-Israeli cease-fire exposed Syria to military defeat, and Israel seized even more territory in the Golan Heights. In 1979, Syria voted with other Arab states to expel Egypt from the Arab League. On October 6, 1981, Sadat was assassinated by Muslim extremists in Cairo while viewing a military parade commemorating the anniversary of the Yom Kippur War.
1766 - America’s first matinee idol was seen in the play The Roman Father in Philadelphia. John Henry, a famous Irish actor, was the Tom Hanks of his day.
1857 - The first major chess tournament was sponsored in New York by the New York Chess Club.
1863 - The first Turkish bath was opened in Brooklyn, NY. Dr. Charles Shepard was the proprietor.
1917 - A new word cropped up in the American lexicon: Jazz. The Literary Digest described jazz as music that caused people to, “shake, jump and writhe in ways to suggest a return to the medieval jumping mania.”
1937 - Radio’s Hobby Lobby debuted on CBS. The host was the dean of American hobbyists, Dave Elman. The show’s theme was The Best Things in Life are Free. Sponsors included Fels Naptha soap, Hudson paper products and Colgate Dental Creme.
1941 - Claude Thornhill and his orchestra recorded Autumn Nocturne on Columbia Records.
1948 - Tennessee Williams introduced audiences to Summer and Smoke when the curtain rose on Broadway this night.
1960 - Steve Lawrence and partner, Eydie Gorme, starred at the new Lotus Club in Washington, DC.
1962 - Robert Goulet stepped out of the role of Sir Lancelot after singing/acting the part since 1960. The fabulously successful Broadway musical, Camelot, also starred Richard Burton as King Arthur and Julie Andrews as Queen Guenevere.
1966 - The Baltimore Oriole’s Jim Palmer became the youngest pitcher (20 years, 11 months) to win a complete-game, World-Series shutout. He defeated Sandy Koufax and the Dodgers in Game Two of the 1966 Series.
1981 - Nobel Peace Prize-winner Anwar el-Sadat, the President of Egypt, was assassinated. Sadat was reviewing a military parade when the attack by Islamic fundamentalists occurred.
1991 - Elizabeth Taylor was married -- for the 8th time -- to construction worker Larry Fortensky. The wedding took place at Michael Jackson’s estate in California amidst a flurry of paparazzi.
1991 - University of Oklahoma professor Anita F. Hill, former aide to U.S. Supreme Court nominee Clarence Thomas, testified before a Senate committee that Thomas sexually harassed her, and the allegations nearly undid Thomas’ nomination to the High Court.
1997 - The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for 1997 was awarded to American biology professor Stanley B. Prusiner “for his discovery of Prions - a new biological principle of infection”.
2000 - Get Carter, starring Sylvester Stallone, Miranda Richardson, Michael Caine and Mickey Rourke opened in U.S. theatres. And Meet the Parents, with Robert De Niro, Ben Stille, Teri Polo and Blythe Danner, also debuted this day. Get Carter did about $15,000,000 at the box office, while Meet the Parents raked in over $166,000,000.
1820 - Jenny (Johanna) Lind
‘The Swedish Nightingale’: singer; died Nov 2, 1887
1846 - George Westinghouse
inventor: railway braking systems; developer: alternating current [AC] electricity; founder: Westinghouse Electric Company; died March 12, 1914
1882 - Karol Szymanowski
Polish composer: King Roger, Harnasie, Salome, Penthesilea, Love-Songs of Hafiz, Litany of the Virgin, Myths, La fontaine d’Aréthuse, Masques, Metopes; died March 29, 1937
1887 - Le Corbusier (Charles-Edouard Jeanneret)
architect: Chapel at Ronchamp, France, Philips Pavilion at Brussels World’s Fair, Carpenter Center for Visual Arts at Harvard; author: Towards a New Architecture, Urbanisme; publisher: L’Esprit Nouveau; died Aug 27, 1965
1897 - Jerome Cowan
actor: The West Point Story, Blondie Hits the Jackpot, June Bride, The Maltese Falcon, The Tycoon, The Tab Hunter Show, Not for Publication; died Jan 24, 1972
1897 - Florence Seibert
physician, scientist: developed process that removed all bacteria from water in a single distillation; perfected test used worldwide for tuberculosis; died in 1991
1905 - Helen Wills Moody
International Tennis Hall of Famer: French Open [1928, 1929, 1930, 1932], Wimbledon [1927, 1928, 1929, 1930, 1932, 1933, 1935, 1938], U.S. Open [1923, 1924, 1925, 1927, 1928, 1929, 1931]; died Jan 1, 1998
1906 - Janet Gaynor (Laura Gainor)
first Academy Award-winning actress [1927-28 - 3 films]: Seventh Heaven, Street Angel, Sunrise; A Star is Born, The Young in Heart; died Sep 14, 1984
1908 - Carole Lombard (Jane Alice Peters)
actress: My Man Godfrey, Mr. & Mrs. Smith, Made for Each Other; wife of actor Clark Gable; killed in plane crash Jan 16, 1942
1914 - Thor Heyerdahl
explorer, author: Kon Tiki; died Apr 17, 2002
1920 - H.R. ‘Bum’ Bright
tycoon: oil, real estate, ranching, banking, football team owner: Dallas Cowboys
1925 - Shana Alexander (Ager)
journalist: 60 Minutes: Point Counterpoint; died June 23, 2005
1931 - Fred Graham
attorney, newscaster: CBS News court reporter/law correspondent, Court TV
1936 - Anna Quayle
Tony Award-winning actress: Stop the World, I Want to Get Off ; Chitty Chitty Bang Bang, Mistress Pamela
1942 - Britt Ekland
actress: The Night They Raided Minsky’s, The Man with the Golden Gun, Cold Heat, The Children, Scandal
1942 - Jerry (Gerald Wayne) Grote
baseball: catcher: Houston Colt .45’s, NY Mets [all-star: 1968, 1974/World Series: 1969, 1973], LA Dodgers World Series: 1977, 1978], KC Royals
1942 - Fred Travalena
actor: ABC Comedy Hour, Keep on Truckin’; TV host: Baby Races
1946 - Gene (Eugene Anthony) Clines
baseball: Pittsburgh Pirates [World Series: 1971], NY Mets, Texas Rangers, Chicago Cubs
1946 - Gary (Edward) Gentry
baseball: pitcher: NY Mets [World Series: 1969], Atlanta Braves
1946 - Millie Small (Smith)
singer: My Boy Lollipop; known as ‘The Blue Beat Girl’ in her native Jamaica
1947 - Klaus Dibiasi
Olympic diver: high board gold medalist [1968, 1972, 1976], silver medalist , springboard silver medalist 
1947 - Steve (Steven Jack) Kline
baseball: pitcher: NY Yankees, Cleveland Indians, Atlanta Braves
1948 - Wendell Ladner
‘Mr. Excitement’: basketball: Southern Mississippi, Kentucky Colonel, NY Nets; died in June, 1975 plane crash in New York
1949 - Bobby Farrell
singer: group: Boney M: Daddy Cool, Brown Girl in the Ring, Rivers of Babylon
1950 - Thomas McClary
musician: guitar: group: The Commodores: Three Times a Lady, Still, Just to Be Close to You, Sweet Love, Easy
1950 - Ken Payne
football: Green Bay Packers
1951 - Kevin Cronin
singer: group: REO Speedwagon: Keep on Lovin’ You, Take It on the Run, Can’t Fight This Feeling
1959 - Dennis ‘Oilcan’ (Ray) Boyd
baseball: pitcher: Boston Red Sox [World Series: 1986], Montreal Expos, Texas Rangers
1959 - Barry Darsow
pro wrestler/actor: Wrestlemania IV, Summerslam, WWF Superstars of Wrestling, Royal Rumble, WCW Saturday Night, Raw is War, WWF Smackdown!
1963 - Elisabeth Shue
actress: The Trigger Effect, Leaving Las Vegas, Blind Justice, Heart and Souls, Back to the Future: Part 2 and Part 3, Cocktail, Adventures in Babysitting, The Karate Kid Call to Glory
1964 - Matthew Sweet
musician: guitar, singer, songwriter: Girlfriend
1965 - Ruben (Angel) Sierra
baseball: Texas Rangers [all-star: 1989 1991, 1992, 1994], Oakland Athletics, NY Yankees, Detroit Tigers
October 6, 1984
21 years of connubial bliss.
What can I say?
If you had only taken the prison sentence, you would have been a free man a year ago.
Originally posted by bwal2
October 6, 1984
21 years of connubial bliss.
What can I say?