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Thread: purpose of capacitor
02-27-2005, 12:45 AM #66
Wiring diagram I'm looking at right now for a Bristol compressor shows start and run caps in series with start winding. The relay is to make/break circuit to start cap. Start cap is wired in parallel with run cap but one leg is make/break inside relay.
2s1r5c on pot. relay or 5,2,1 common, start, run. 1 & 2 are make/break for start cap."In this house we obey the laws of thermodynamics!"
- Homer Simpson
02-27-2005, 01:12 AM #67
I also agree with fat Ed ,but only 2/3 rds. of the way. Not three phase Ed, Two phase. A capacitor in an AC circuit changes single phase to two phase electrical flow (90 degrees
out of phase power curve).
the surge of power charges the cap, @powers the windings of the motor.As the power wave reverses on AC, the capacitor discharges, like a battery, that causes another power surge in the motor winding. Depending on motor design,the cap can be applied to the start, run, or both windings.never say never
02-27-2005, 12:05 PM #68Professional Member
- Join Date
- Jan 2004
- Midlothian, Virginia
this is why the run cap is there
Ok the run cap acts as a limit on the current entering the start winding. This is why it there.
If you connect the start winding across the 240 volts with no cap the winding will burn up due to excess current.
Yes there is phase change due to the cap, but the current flowing in the start winding is limited by the cap.
Here is why inside the cap are to plates of aluminum foil separated by an insulating material. There is oil also to help dissipate heat from the cap charging and discharging. Not motor heat.
Ok here is what happens as the motor runs current flows through the start windings of the motor (here is the cap next to it in series so the same current flows through it) the current builds on the cap plates and charges it as charges its voltage increases and approaches line voltage it limits the current in the start winding. When the cap has the same voltage as line no current will flow and the windings dont burn.
Now dont forget current direction changes in alternating current voltages and so does voltage.
The voltage changes direction and so does the current. Well now the charge built on the cap flows through the start windings in the opposite direction till the new and opposite voltage builds on the plates and again limits current.
Here is why matching capacitance is important.
If you install too large a cap more current flows through start windings because the aluminum plates are larger and hold more charge. This can be enough excess current to burn the windings.
If the cap is too small not enough current will flow through the start winding and it will contribute reduced power to the motor.
The start cap is there allowing extra current for start up and then quickly removed from circuit before winding burn from current.
So if you think about it its is in parallel so it adds cap to winding for the short starting period and then its removed leaving only the capacitance of the run cap.
Goodbyee stranger it's been nice. Hope you find your paradise! Hey it aint rocket science, "It's a Trade !"