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Thread: Suction riser

  1. #14
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    Excellent explanation Many D's. Back when I was a kid there where lots of great built up systems that used dual risers and the was my specialty.

    When sizing a dual riser the horizonial line of course should handle the full load. The smaller riser should be sized for the load when the compressor is fully unloaded.

    Example: If you have a 20 ton compressor that can be unloaded down to 25% (5 Ton) Then the horizonal line would be 21/8 the risers would be 11/8 and 13/8. 11/8 would be good for 5 ton and 1 3/8 would be good for 15 ton. Air conditioning.

  2. #15
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    Much of equipment that I started out on was alot of this variety.

    And I always wonder, if every job went in as it is supposed to go in, piped. Many service calls would be hugely eliminated. Flow. Oil and Gas. You do it by the book and you have given your customer a fine and reliable system.

  3. #16
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    Originally posted by Dowadudda
    I just want to know the basic idea as to why? Whats special about the scroll.


    I mean is it just some hotshot at trane or is there some actual science behind the idea?
    This one has puzzled me as well. I've have been fortunate enough to have worked with some pretty sharp old-timers in the refrigeration system design biz and proper piping practice is just like you say, great when it's done right. But poor piping installations can cause true nightmares.

    I have two thoughts on this "new" Trane riser design criteria. One is that as Dow said, there's a hotshot engineer sitting up there in his Ivory Tower who figures all that's gone before is all a lot of bunk because he knows better. I would guess he'd one of those who only design for full load conditions and the best performance at rated capacity is all he knows about.

    The second thing that comes to mind is that this guy may actually have purposely called for reduced single risers on all jobs to absolutely insure a constant positive oil return, even when the the single-riser pressure drops might adversely affect system capacity at design conditions.

    As I'm beginning to hear more talk of how scrolls really don't tolerate liquid or oil slugs as well as they were once proclaimed to do so well at, I'm leaning toward the my second theory on piping practice. You see, with double risers, the trapped riser trap fills with oil during prolonged periods of low loads. As the load drops further the system shuts off for a period and then comes back on at full bore......bringing back a hefty slug of oil to the compressor, directly into the scroll.....no motor housing and no crankcase like in a recip.

    Just a thought,

  4. #17
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    Jan 2002
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    Trane does not recommend traps on single or double suction risers. There statement if the suction lines are sized and installed correctly they will have adequate velocity to achieve proper oil return.

    That being said, who knows. We have installed units this way per Trane that have been running several years with no problem.

    I always do a layout of the piping system with line lengths, 90's, and lift heights and have the mfg wether it be Trane, Carrier or whoever design the piping. It's free and If you have problems they can't come back and say you didn't install it right.

  5. #18
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    Does Trane have a scroll compressor that unloads? Or do they have systems with multi scroll compressors on one circuit?

  6. #19
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    Originally posted by benncool
    Does Trane have a scroll compressor that unloads? Or do they have systems with multi scroll compressors on one circuit?
    I have not seen one of their scrolls that unloads just multi compressors per circuit.

  7. #20
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    Originally posted by lwarren
    Originally posted by benncool
    Does Trane have a scroll compressor that unloads? Or do they have systems with multi scroll compressors on one circuit?
    I have not seen one of their scrolls that unloads just multi compressors per circuit.
    Well then they might have something there. Hmmm, I'll have to look into this.

  8. #21
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    Lets not just talk good here. I am asking a question.

    When I first read scrolls from trane are speced out not to have it, my thoughts were along the lines that somehow they pump better or something. The point is. I really want to know, if some one knows, the reasoning behind this. Given two systems of exact same piping requirements. A system where good piping practices call for a double suction riser. The recip compressor needs it but the scroll don't. Why?

  9. #22
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    Mar 2001
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    Dow,

    I understand why your asking

    My problem is after I pipe up the job, Trane has the contractor assisted startup.

    The Trane s/u tech arrives at the site and starts questioning the piping if he sees risers.

    Trane has detailed manuals on scroll units, as a contractor I will follow these manuals to cover my a??.

    It's been 8-10 yrs since I have piped up a new job that had a Trane semi- they had different rules than scrolls

    fatboy

  10. #23
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    You aint gettin what I'm laying down brother. I don't doubt the Trane idea, atleast not at this point. I want the knolwedge of why Trane think's thats good???? I am thinking to myself they know something good..

  11. #24
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    Originally posted by icemeister
    The second thing that comes to mind is that this guy may actually have purposely called for reduced single risers on all jobs to absolutely insure a constant positive oil return, even when the the single-riser pressure drops might adversely affect system capacity at design conditions. [/B]
    The more I think about this, the more it makes sense that Trane has decided that since their published performance figures and efficiencies aren't likely to be field measured, they can go with the higher pressure drop losses and insure positive oil return all the time.....thus reducing in-warranty compressor failures and the like. Maybe Trane is simply trying to make field built-up systems idiot-proof.

    Even with LMTDs explanation of the ability of the scroll to take slugs, I really wonder about that. That's what Copeland said about the Discus oh so many years ago.

    The multiple scrolls in parallel is an intersesting thought as well. Don't these scrolls have a smaller oil sump capacity and therefore be more susceptible to oil being trapped out in the system during long periods of low-low operation?

    I dunno, just another thought.

  12. #25
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    can someone answer my question or not?

  13. #26
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    I don't get all that mumbo jumbo. Tell me in plain english then.

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