long copper runs shifting in their holders
I've been running into this problem of long (100' +/-) runs of discharge lines migrating in one direction, and the Hydra-Zorb' style clamps and racks shifting, to the point of bending their all-thread hangers. The hangers seem to be doing a ratchet' affect rather than expanding and returning to a neutral position. Neither of the isolator clamp manufactures I spoke to had any help or seem to know of this.
So far our approach has been to brace most of the hangers in the horizontal direction and for the most part the lines have settled in to where they want to land. But now I've found pair of liquid lines doing it and looking for some advise.
You did not design the pipe run for thermal expansion of the piping system. In simple terms, copper expands 0.011" for every 100 foot for every deg of temperature difference. So if you installed 100 ft of copper outdoors with an 10 deg F OA temp and during the summer the piping will be subjected to 95 deg F temperatures then the piping needs to be designed for a thermal expansion of:
0.011x(95-10)=0.935" of expansion
If the piping is constrained with clamps, it will buckell, or rip out hangers. To prevent this, I put in expansion loops or expansion compensators....remember Google is your friend!
x2 on the expansion loops
Chicago is an indian word for stinky!!!!!!
Silicone the Hydrosorb inserts
And they will slide back and forth.
Now they are doing what you suspect; ratcheting the pipe one way but not in reverse.
The conventional view serves to protect us from the painful job of thinking.
The silicone seems like a logical idea and something I hadn't considered. Have you (or others) used this successfully? Thinking for the long term, I want to avoid doing things that will allow the lines to reset' from their current position only to have them shift again. Should we expect to have to reapply' at some time for example? We did find that loosening the clamps didn't stop the ratcheting effect.
Originally Posted by Poodle Head Mikey
So, as I attempt to rethink this..
View the 90 degree turns as 'Z flex points. Long straight runs should float' not clamp. Clamp' and/or 'float where needed to control or direct the movement.
The 'Hydra-Zorbe style clamp isn't even appropriate in a large part of these applications.
A cautious 'so far so good?
Somewhere in that long run, usually at the middle (50ft) you make an expansion point. _____
I havent had to do this since the 70's when we built supermarkets, but it applies to most piping be it refrig, steam, hot water etc.
I dont remember the formula used to calculate the size of the loop
I'll be there when I get there and not a minute later
In our supermarket installs we do not use hydrosorbs on the trapeze hangers. Walmart requires us to put a PVC sleeve on top of the unistrut and the refrigeration line including its insulation goes thru it. One PVC sleeve per each copper line. The refrigeration line is not attached to the trapeze so it is free to move. The PVC is about 6" to 1' long depending on the weight of the line to prevent crushing the insulation. Its attached to the unistrut w the heavy duty plastic ties that are used for ductwork (2 of them criss crossed)
This has several advantages over using hydrosorbs. The thermal expansion joints are often not necessary, which means you could retrofit w/o having to evacuate and cut the lines. Also it is easy to maintain a vapor seal to prevent ice and condensation from dripping. But I suspect that Walmarts main motivation is cost.
At any rate it works well and we use it on other jobs too.
To retrofit cut a slot in the top of PVC sleeve so you can slip it around the exisiting pipe, don't cut it in half and use only half as your ties will bind on the insulation.
We usually cut up the 20' PVC pipe lengths with a chop saw.
Sounds good. Seems like I'd want something soft in there between copper and PVC?
Originally Posted by bob_scheel
Exactly how I do it as well.
Originally Posted by bob_scheel
Aire Serv of SW Connecticut- Gas heat, dual fuel and central a/c systems installed and serviced
The armor flex insulation lies directly on the pvc w/o any problems. When the pipe thermally expands it usually moves within the insulation and doesn't drag it back and forth.
Originally Posted by mixsit