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Thread: TXV surprise
06-13-2007, 10:31 PM #1
Is there anyway you can tell from the nameplate or other furnace characteristics that will let you know if the metering device is a txv or fixed metering device, without actually seeing the metering device.
I am finding my self trying to charge by superheat and right when I think i'm on target, the txv adjust and there goes my superheat and my time. Is this common or am I missing a clue.
06-14-2007, 01:09 AM #2
It will usally state what it is on the Air Handeler. If you can't figure out what you have then open it up and find out. The big diffrence between a TXV and a fixed bore device is that the txv uses a receiver to control superheat during various load conditions to adjust with the load.
06-14-2007, 05:52 AM #3
It takes less time to look if its a txv, then it does to undo what you just did by guessing.
Not all installers mark if they installled a txv.Contractor locator map
How many times must one fix something before it is fixed?
06-14-2007, 07:10 AM #4Professional Member*
- Join Date
- Apr 2005
- new jersey
I thought that subcooling is the only way with TXV installed
06-14-2007, 07:56 AM #5
06-14-2007, 09:29 AM #6
Perhaps you meant to say that a TXV uses a thermal bulb attached to the suction outlet of the evaporator to control superheat?
As for how to tell if a system has a TXV or a piston on it without opening up the evap casing or air handler, your gauges, superheat, and subcooling readings can give you a clue. Piston superheat tends to wander, whereas the TXV equipped system will show a steady superheat, even if you adjust charge up or down a bit. On a piston system it doesn't take much refrigerant either way to affect a superheat change. Vary the charge a little with a TXV and you will likely see the superheat remain unchanged.
Piston superheat is affected both by evap heat load and head pressure. You can partially block the condenser coil on a piston system and watch your superheat change (and your suction pressure rise). Do the same thing with a TXV and the superheat, if it changes at all, will change little. Suction pressure won't change much, either.
An older school way to tell if a system had a TXV on it, in the days when recip hermetic compressors reigned, was the presence of a start capacitor and potential relay for the compressor. With the advent of scrolls that method isn't as reliable."In this house we obey the laws of thermodynamics!"
- Homer Simpson
06-14-2007, 09:51 AM #7
I find receivers on heat pumps at the outdoor unit but am clueless about a receiver for a TXV. Maybe you're talking about heat pumps with TXV's and that's the only place you're seen a TXV. But straight cooling systems also use TXV's. They used to be a rarity but with the advent of high efficiency equipment, the old TXV is coming back into vogue. It's a policy at our company that installers mark the coil if there's a TXV installed. Some field installs of TXV's leave no doubt because the valve is outside the coil jacket. But OEM installed TXV's are always inside the jacket. If it's not labelled and you can't tell by the equipment number, just be like the people in Missouri. Look.
06-14-2007, 10:13 AM #8Regular Guest
- Join Date
- May 2007
06-14-2007, 11:48 AM #9
06-14-2007, 04:17 PM #10
Haha yes your right sorry about that No you won't see a receiver on a residential. I was thinking more on the lines of refrigeration not A/C my mistake. So no don't go looking for a reciever because you will never find one out there lol
06-14-2007, 04:18 PM #11
Commercial systems may have a receiver but im not sure.
06-14-2007, 05:00 PM #12
06-14-2007, 05:10 PM #13