7/8 lineset on a 5 ton system
I have seen at least 2 AC 5 ton R-410 systems run with 7/8 lineset instead of 1 and 1/8".
I didn't take any readings, but the owners said they are running fine.
What do you guys think?
They are most likely fine. Not every 5 ton calls for an 1 1/8 line set, sometimes it's actually better to keep up your velocity.
Originally Posted by jdere
Length of lineset and location of coil and AC unit (over/under and how much)... Different manufacturers say different things... And if it is a 2 stage... most will go with 7/8.
Usually running a too small SL will reduce efficiency by 3-4-5%... not a huge amount if re-running the lineset was difficult.
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Many are happy with that, especially 410.
Even with fairly long lines, 50-70', with a few fittings, AS/Trane's piping software will almost always spit out 7/8" as the recommended SL size for a 5 ton R-410 AC or heat pump system.
For shorter line set applications, it will even recommend, a 3/4" SL, or at least list it as an approved alternative.
For the ARI ratings manufacturers will run short, larger diameter, suction lines to maximize the efficiency ratings, but the size that yields the most reliable system is generally smaller.
Thanks for all the replies!
I've seen FAR more problems with 5 tons systems being attached to less than 2,000 CFM worth of ductwork...
I have seen multiple compressor failures from companies putting 1 1/8 on current systems. If you look in most install manuals on current 14 plus seer systems they specifically warn you about oversizing lines because it will starve the compressor of oil especially on long runs.
Also according to Rheem install manuals it is not efficiency you loose with oversized or undersized lines its capacity. for instance i put a 3 ton 15 seer on a home that had a 5/8 suction 3/8 liquid at 70 ft long and there was no way of changing it and the rheem manual stated that i would only loose 3% of capacity so instead of 36kbtu i would only get 35kbtu. Not worth tearing the home apart.
The small capacity loss directly causes a small loss of efficiency.
Originally Posted by Barrettservices
Lower btuh per watt = lower efficiency.
I'd rather have a more reliable system, that is 1-3% less efficient though.
I absolutely agree.
Not worth tearing the home apart.
In most cases, the potential increase in efficiency from changing to the ideal refrigerant line size won't cover the cost of replacing it within the life span of the system, or even the next system.
Its actually more complicated than that. When you reduce capacity, you reduce the work being done by the compressor, which in turn reduces its amp draw. So even if the restricted line causes a 3% capacity reduction, efficiency reduction might only be 1% or even nothing.
Originally Posted by mark beiser
under sized suction lines cause a capacity loss and hi velocity.....
Originally Posted by craig1
it was working.... played with it.... now its broke.... whats the going hourly rate for HVAC repair
I was just pointing out that you do in fact lose efficiency, not attempting to exactly quantify the efficiency loss.
Originally Posted by craig1
Continuing the discussion though, when you are dealing with total system capacity losses due to pressure losses, and other issues within the system, the electrical consumption per btuh of net refrigeration usually doesn't go down, or even stay the same.
Typically it will go up.
Either way, in most instances the small efficiency loss, due to the small capacity loss incurred by having the smallest recommended vapor line for the application, isn't worth the cost of replacing the refrigerant lines.
If you really want to help lower power bills for the homeowner install a 2.5 ton instead of the 3 ton. If it can't keep up fix the leaks/solar gain in the house. Fudging the numbers on manual J calculations to get about 500sqft per ton that has been used since the 60's has got to stop. It's rare that a well designed house with a properly installed HVAC and duct system should need more than 750sft per ton.
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