I see this listed in the service manual. Thanks for enlightening me on this.
It also states, "Pre-heat will be turned off when breaker is turned off."
If you were aware of this feature, why turn the system off @ the breaker? Compressors are very durable. I still stand by my statement that it is unlikely your compressor was damaged by one cold start. But anything is possible.
You need to call a professional and quit over analyzing this issue. Myself nor anyone else on this forum can accurately diagnosis your system from their keyboard. We offer guidance and suggestions here not DIY tips.